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For the mentioned graph illustrate the breadth-first search starting from vertex 4 and depth-first search starting from vertex 7. Show

For the mentioned graph illustrate the breadth-first search starting from vertex 4 and depth-first search starting from vertex 7. Show – Question:

For the mentioned graph illustrate the breadth-first search starting from vertex 4 and depth-first search starting from vertex 7. Show all steps involved in traversal.  

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2
3
7
5
4
6

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Step 1 Firstly create adjacency list like 1 2 3 7 2 1
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1. Create an adjacency list and adjacency matrix of the given graph below. 2. Write the adjacency list at the…

1. Create an adjacency list and adjacency matrix of the given graph below. 2. Write the adjacency list at the… – Question:

1. Create an adjacency list and adjacency matrix of the given graph below.
2. Write the adjacency list at the 1st quadrant and the adjacency matrix at the 2nd quadrant.
3. Perform Breadth-First Search traversal and Depth First Search traversal on the tree. Put Label on it and weite Breadth-First Search traversal at the 1st quadrant and Depth First Search traversal at the 2nd quadrant. 

Transcribed Image Text:

F
A
E

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Adjacency list is as follows for the graph A B D E C B F D F E F G C G F G Adjac
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a) Depth-First Search b) Breadth-First Search c) Depth Limited Search (predetermined depth limit = 2) d) Iterative Deeping Searche) Uniform

a) Depth-First Search b) Breadth-First Search c) Depth Limited Search (predetermined depth limit = 2) d) Iterative Deeping Searche) Uniform – Question:

a) Depth-First Searchb) Breadth-First Searchc) Depth Limited Search (predetermined depth limit = 2)d) Iterative Deeping Searche) Uniform Cost Search

 

Transcribed Image Text:

Start
2
A
B
3
5
C
D
10
7
Goal

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The detailed answer for the above question is provided below The answer is c Depth Limited Search pr
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Using the graph below, illustrate the action of a Breadth-First search with u as the source. Show the d(distance from

Using the graph below, illustrate the action of a Breadth-First search with u as the source. Show the d(distance from – Question:

Using the graph below, illustrate the action of a Breadth-First search with u as the source. Show the d(distance from the source to a vertex) and ? (the predecessor ) values that result from running Breadth-First search on the graph. 

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8
8
(0)
8
Q
0
8
8
8
8
y
W
A

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Since I cannot directly illustrate on the image you ve provided I will describe the process of Bread
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Let G=(V,E) be the following undirected graph V=1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9} a. Do a depth-first search on G from node 1, showing…

Let G=(V,E) be the following undirected graph V=1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9} a. Do a depth-first search on G from node 1, showing… – Question:

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Let G=(V,E) be the following undirected graph V=1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9}
a. Do a depth-first search on G from node 1,
showing the depth-first search tree, the
backward edges, and the DFN’s and L’s of every
node.
b. Identify the articulation points.
c. Do a breadth-first search on G from node 1,
showing the breadth-first search tree, the cross
edges, the distance from 1 to each node
(assuming all the edges are of weight 1).
9
1
7
5
(2)
6
4
8
(3)

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Breadth First search 7 4 9 2 3 5 8 1 6
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Analyse the graph shown in Figure 2 using the breadth-first search tree traversal algorithm. Show the step-by-step traversal of the

Analyse the graph shown in Figure 2 using the breadth-first search tree traversal algorithm. Show the step-by-step traversal of the – Question:

Analyse the graph shown in Figure 2 using the breadth-first search tree traversal algorithm. Show the step-by-step traversal of the algorithm. Assume that the traversal starts from vertex A. [10 marks]   ch pseudocode that was used to traverse the graph in Figure2. You may present your answer in the form of a pseudocode. [10 marks]
Distinguish between the breadth-first search and depth-first search tree traversal algorithms. [5 marks]

Transcribed Image Text:

A
D
B
E
с
TI
F

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Pseudocode for breadth first search tree traversal algorithm Step by step traversal of the graph in
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(a) What would happen if the visited vertices were not marked in the breadth and depth first search? What…

(a) What would happen if the visited vertices were not marked in the breadth and depth first search? What… – Question:

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(a) What would happen if the visited vertices were not marked in the breadth and depth first
search? What type of path produces this effect?
(b) Does a depth-first or breadth-first search process all vertices in a graph? Why or why not?
(c) Suppose you are doing a breadth-first search of a graph with n vertices. How large can the
queue get?
(d) What kind of search occurs if you replace breadth-first search’s queue with a stack?

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a If the visited vertices are not marked in breadth first and depth first search algorithms it would
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Please Show Work and Use MS Excel Solver or LINDO/LINGO. I appreciate your hard work. Thank you The Springfield school

Please Show Work and Use MS Excel Solver or LINDO/LINGO. I appreciate your hard work. Thank you The Springfield school – Question:

Please Show Work and Use MS Excel Solver or LINDO/LINGO. I appreciate your hard work. Thank you

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The Springfield school board has made the decision to close one
of its middle schools (sixth, seventh, and eighth grades) at the end
of this school year and reassign all of next year’s middle school
students to the three remaining middle schools. The school district
provides bussing for all middle school students who must travel
more than approximately a mile, so the school board wants plan for
reassigning the students that will minimize the total bussing cost.

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Springfield table of information Area No of Students in 6 th grade in 7 th grade in 8 th grade Bussing Cost per Student School1 School2 School3 1 450
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In Exercises 1 and 2 find three spanning trees for each graph. 1. 2. In Exercises 3 and 4…

In Exercises 1 and 2 find three spanning trees for each graph. 1. 2. In Exercises 3 and 4… – Question:

  

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In Exercises 1 and 2 find three spanning trees for each graph. 1. 2. In Exercises 3 and 4 use breadth-first search to find a spanning tree for the graph. 3. A 4. B E D F K B H E 2 F K G 7. Draw the spanning tree that results from performing the Breadth-First Search Spanning Tree Algorithm on: (a) K3 (b) K4 (c) Ks (d) Describe the spanning tree that results from performing the Breadth-First Search Spanning Tree Algorithm on K.

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. The main loop for this algorithm is the while loop in lines 10 – 18. What is varying…

. The main loop for this algorithm is the while loop in lines 10 – 18. What is varying… – Question:

  

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.
The main loop for this algorithm is the while loop in lines 10 – 18.
What is varying with each iteration of the main loop? [Or, what are the loop variants?]
[5 points]
a.
b.
C.
What color are all of the nodes in queue Q? [5 points]
Give a loop invariant statement for the main loop. [Remember that all of the black nodes
have already been visited and will never be revisited, all of the gray nodes have been
seen but not yet visited, and the white nodes have not been seen yet.] [5 points] What property of a queue ensures we are performing a breadth-first search here? [5 points]
How would you change the BFS algorithm to provide a depth-first search? [5 points] Here is the algorithm from the text for breadth-first search.
BFS(G, s)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
for each vertex uEG.V-s
u.color= WHITE
u.d = 00
u.π = NIL
GRAY
s.color
s.d = 0
=
S. π = NIL
Q = Ø
Enqueue(Q, s)
while QØ
u = Dequeue(Q)
for each VEG.Adj[u]
if v.color= WHITE
v.color= GRAY
v.d = u.d + 1
V. π = U
Enqueue (Q,v)
u.color = BLACK

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a Loop Variants The color of the nodes In each iteration the color of nodes is changing Initially al
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1. Use the breadth-first search to find the shortest path from A to every other vertex/node in the directed…

1. Use the breadth-first search to find the shortest path from A to every other vertex/node in the directed… – Question:

 

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1. Use the breadth-first search to find the shortest path from A to every other
vertex/node in the directed graph.
(0,-)
A
G
B
E
H
F
D 3. Specify the adjacent Lists for the following graphs (LinkedList)
B

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1 Using Breadth Fast search BFS to find the shortest path FROM A to every verte
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Figure 1 be an unweighted graph, i.e., ignoring the numbers next to the edges. Please use the BFS to…

Figure 1 be an unweighted graph, i.e., ignoring the numbers next to the edges. Please use the BFS to… – Question:

   

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Figure 1 be an unweighted graph, i.e., ignoring the numbers next to the edges. Please
use the BFS to find all the shortest paths from node A to all the other nodes. Please use the
same tabular notation
in order to
show your process. TI
F
14
9
2
A
9
7
E
C
10
11
B
6
15
Figure 1: Dijkstra’s algorithm.
D Example of breadth-first
search
0
b
C
0
Q: a
d
g
h
i
A Example of breadth-first
search
0
a
1 b
C
d
e
1 1
Q: a b d
g
h
i

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So generated shortest path with BFS from node A as A to B A B A to C A C A to D A B D
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If the below graph is searched by both depth-first search and breadth-first search starting from D , and if

If the below graph is searched by both depth-first search and breadth-first search starting from D , and if – Question:

If the below  graph is searched by both depth-first search and breadth-first search starting from ‘D’, and if neighbors are searched in alphabetical order, what will be the order in which the nodes are visited? a.) Using depth-first searchb.) Using breadth-first search

Transcribed Image Text:

D
E
B
J
F
K
H

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a
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What is the basic issue in this letter ruling? b. What does $ 132(a)(4) allow? c. What does Reg. $

What is the basic issue in this letter ruling? b. What does $ 132(a)(4) allow? c. What does Reg. $ – Question:

What is the basic issue in this letter ruling? b. What does $ 132(a)(4) allow? c. What does Reg. $ 1.132-6(e)(1) say about holiday gifts? d. Are gift transfers from an employer to an employee excluded from the employee’s income? What is the code citation that supports your answer? e. What was the IRS’s ruling and its reasoning in this TAM?4. The Hope scholarship and the lifetime learning credits were created in 1997 by P.L., 105 34 (Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997). What was the reason for creating these credits? (Find the relevant code section and select the committee report link to find the answer.) 5. The American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC) is a new version of the Hope scholarship credit. It was added as temporary education credit that covered the first 4 years of postsecondary education. Use the history link to answer the following questions. a. What law (public law number and act name) made this change? b. What was the effective date of this change? c. What law (public law number and act name) made this provision permanent?Required: Determine the relevant code section(s) for each of the questions. We will work through the rest of the process during our class meeting. 6. Bryce Davis is auto parts shop manager. To advance his management skills, he enrolled in a weekend MBA program at State University which is located 10 miles from his home. Bryce’s employer does not provide any education assistance. What tax deductions and/or tax credits is eligible for his 2022 tuition, fees, textbooks, and mileage to and from school? Required: Use only the IRC and Treasury regulations to provide the answer to the question. Be sure cite the relevant sources and to explain your conclusion. 7. Tony and Amy Morrison were divorced in February 2022. Neither has remarried. Under their divorce decree, Amy has custody of their 3-year-old daughter Rose, who has lived with her in the family home throughout 2022. However, Rose stayed with Tony at his new home during July and August (as she will every year until age 19). Tony pays $1,600 each month in child support (more than one-half of Rose’s support). Amy wants to know if she will be allowed to claim a Rose as a dependent of the 2022 tax year. Required: Use only the IRC and Treasury regulations to provide the answer to the question. Be sure cite the relevant sources and to explain your conclusion
Read TAM 200437030  and answer the questions

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a A letter ruling is an official written statement issued by a tax authority typically the Internal Revenue Service IRS in the United States in response to a taxpayer s request for guidance on a speci
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Discuss whether the below transactions are income to Angelo who is a coffee salesman, citing at least one case or

Discuss whether the below transactions are income to Angelo who is a coffee salesman, citing at least one case or – Question:

Discuss whether the below transactions are income to Angelo who is a coffee salesman, citing at least one case or section for each answer: 
1. His base wage of $45,000.
2. Commissions paid to him by his employer because he met his targets. 
3. Commissions paid to him by his suppliers. He does not declare this commission to his employer. 
4. Cash work he does on the side, as an unregistered tax agent where he charges $50 a tax return.

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Whether the transactions you mentioned are considered income to Angelo the coffee salesman depends on the specific tax laws and regulations in his jur
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