The two attached items are the items you have to use to do this assignments See the Literary Review Prompt in Module

The two attached items are the items you have to use to do this assignments

See the Literary Review Prompt in Modules. It is here too: Do this assignment first and than do the other one

Literature Review.docx

Also see my ppt:

Lit Review PPT.pptx

It says 2- 3 pages, but I am ok with just over 1 page too as long as there are 3 paragraphs that show:

Trends

Relationships

GAPS (Gaps is V. v. Imp.- Gaps is critical thinking – what have the sources not talked about? Ideally your research will be to address the GAP – that’s where real true Original Thinking takes place and the start of real research – without the gap being identified, its just regurgitated sources – no original thinking)

This 2 assignments have something to do with each other its going to be the same topic.

2nd Assignment

Even if you don’t have a rough draft, you have to fill out my Peer Review Sheet. This is mandatory. Ideally get another pair of eyes to look at your rough draft and fill out your peer review sheet but if you have no one to fill it, you may fill it out yourself.

It’s in modules but you can see it here too:

peer review of a food issue.docx

I highly recommend 24 hr. Smartthinking tutoring services/ Net Tutor.


Robert Papikyan
Professor Baldiwala
English 104
29 January 2019
Annotated Bibliography
Cain, J. (2018). It is Time to Confront Student Mental Health Issues Associated with
Smartphones and Social Media. ​American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education​, ajpe6862.
doi:10.5688/ajpe6862
The article presents the literature behind smartphone blue light which is hypothesized to cause
sleep and anxiety disturbances. In a large study comprising of 4156 young adults, the journal
mentions that frequent and persistent smartphone use was associated with higher stress and sleep
disturbance. The research went forth to examine why smartphone usage in line with social media
was regarded to contribute significantly to sleep and psychological disorders amongst the young
people. It is argued that smartphone prices are falling over every two years as once theorized by
Moore. As computing devices increase in power and diminish in size, they become more
functional and thus attract the young age which is constantly seeking entertainment.
Persistent use of smartphones during the night leads to deprived sleep patterns which have
detrimental effects on the development of these age group. In a sample of 274 smartphone and
tablet users, it was found out that consistent use of smartphones and tablets was associated with
depression and higher levels of stress. This is due to the fact that, as people engage in virtual
activities, their bodies don’t tire easily yet their brain is overworked as they focus on
light-emitting screens throughout the day and even nights. Albeit there are screen filters in the
contemporary days, the study concludes that the consequences are still persistent and cannot be
mitigated by filtering what is claimed as ‘blue light’ emitted by the devices. On the same note,
social media addicts are claimed to exhibit withdrawal signs socially in the real social setting
while they fake their superior social skills on Social Networking Sites. This article presents rich
literature regarding some negative factors associated with smartphone usage as well as excessive
social media usage in the arena of personal and social consequences.
Dalkilic, A. (2013). Psychopharmacological treatments in eating disorders & comorbid
conditions. ​Klinik Psikofarmakoloji Bulteni​, ​23​. Retrieved from
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=113841876&site=ehost-live
The article examines the contribution of social media in the wake of increasing Eating Disorders
around the globe as minority populations in the industrialized countries endorse western culture.
The author is concerned with increasing pressure for fashion and physical appearance of
minority populations in different countries which often leads to the excessive use of social media
in what the researcher finds as an addiction. The researcher notes that Eating Disorders are
greatly contributed by the internet and screen-based addictions which include video gaming,
online gambling, and compulsive buying. Notably, Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram are
amongst the new social media tools which have been observed and predicted to cause more
Eating Disorders due to the poor health habits associated with online addiction. The article is an
adequate source of literature regarding personal negative impacts of social media in the arena of
nutrition. The findings of the researcher as well as the suggested pharmacological treatment
methods can be used to mitigate Eating Disorders caused by unhealthy habits.
Kircaburun, K. (2016). Self-Esteem, Daily Internet Use, and Social Media Addiction as
Predictors of Depression among Turkish Adolescents. ​Journal of Education and Practice, 7(24),
64–72. Retrieved from,​ ​7(​ 24), 64-72. Retrieved from
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ1112856&site=ehost-live
The study carried out in the above journal featured 1130 students between the age of twelve
years and 18 years. The journal mentions that approximately more than 350 million people
across the world are affected by depression and this has raised concerns as the World Health
Organization reports that 75% of adults have experienced or are experienced depression in their
lives. While depression might not be listed amongst the most dangerous disorders, it has a higher
prevalence thus making it a serious psychological disorder which is very common, and it affects
people on a daily basis. Three scales were used to conduct a descriptive study in the southern
regions of Aegean in Turkey. Among the scales, the Social Media Addiction scale which was
used alongside two other scales to determine the daily internet use of the subjects under study.
The researcher was highly convinced that daily internet use had a significant role in the
increasing depression cases throughout the globe and this was confirmed when the analysis of
the scale data was complete. It was found out that both self-esteem and social media addiction
accounted for more than 20% of the daily internet usage. The journal contains sufficient
literature regarding social media addiction correlation with self-esteem and depression. The
author observes that social media has was affecting depression among teens indirectly, but the
consequences were significantly alarming due to the observed intensive depression feelings
exhibited by depression victims.
Lin, J., Lee, Y., Jin, Y., & Gilbreath, B. (2017). Personality Traits, Motivations, and
Emotional Consequences of Social Media Usage. ​Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social
Networking​, ​20(​ 10), 615-623. doi:10.1089/cyber.2017.0043
The study presented in this article is based on social media reports from the United States of
America. The authors seek to establish the main motivations behind social media usage in the
country as well as explore why individuals visit social media sites. The journal presents previous
literature from other scholars regarding the usage and impacts of social media on their emotions.
The article mentions concerns regarding the underrepresentation of consequences regarding
social media usage in the extant research. However, the article acknowledges a few scholars who
have explored the consequences associated with the usage of Social Networking Sites (SNSs). So
far the limited literature on the above-stated concern shows that most users of Social Networking
Sites experience negative emotions after spending too much time on them.
The study carried out by the researchers in the above article thus narrows down to consider the
implications of Social Networking Sites usage in the United States. Two of the most used social
media platform were examined, and the respondents of the study confirmed the speculations of
the researchers. It was found out that spending too much time on Facebook and Pinterest led to
low self-esteem due to social comparison activities. These activities are destructive to an
individual’s self-satisfaction and negatively impact user’s status in both social and political
setting.
Mainiero, L. A., & Jones, K. J. (2013). Sexual Harassment Versus Workplace Romance:
Social Media Spillover and Textual Harassment in the Workplace. ​Academy of Management
Perspectives,​ ​27(​ 3), 187-203. doi:10.5465/amp.2012.0031
While social media is being used in a professional setting, its usage has been abused, and it is
clear that policy formulation has taken shape in this area due to reported cases of sexual
harassment in the workplace. The authors note that in the contemporary setting, advertising
companies have taken full advantage of media platforms to market products and services to large
numbers of online users. However, the authors note that differentiating between work and
personal social media use is a major concern as employees utilize the mediums to send
inappropriate text messages to colleagues. In this study, the authors provide comprehensive
literature regarding social media ethics and limitations in the workplace while noting the
motivations behind unpleasant social media usage in the workplace.
Notably, and in the past, employees in the same workplace were more cautious to express their
intimate feelings to others. The process of asking a lady for a date was not as quick as compared
in the extant times where the discretion of such events is facilitated by a virtual setting over the
social media platforms. The scholars present logically organized arguments to indicate that social
media is a virtual environment and thus employees can assume that they are under total
discretion and engage in seduction and sexual harassment activities that would have been
otherwise avoided in the past. The article provides adequate literature in the quest to explore how
social media can negatively impact an individual’s personal and professional duties within the
workplace.
Rice, E. S., Haynes, E., Royce, P., & Thompson, S. C. (2016). Social media and digital
technology use among Indigenous young people in Australia: a literature review. ​International
Journal for Equity in Health​, ​15​(1). doi:10.1186/s12939-016-0366-0
This article explores both positive and negative impacts of the potential to use social media
among indigenous young people who face a social disadvantage in Australia. The authors of the
journal present factual statistics regarding the indigenous Australian groups which are socially
and economically disadvantaged. Notably, there is a positive vibe among indigenous young
people who use social media to get in touch with the rest of the world taking into consideration
that they have spent a significant portion of their lives in the remote regions occupied by the
indigenous tribes. While the journal notes on the positive impacts that social media brings in
these communities, the authors are keen to examine how the technology impacts the young
people negatively.
In some notable cases, these young people face social discrimination from other cyber
bullies within the country. Naivety is mentioned to be easily noticed in the social media by the
‘so advanced’ self-proclaimed social media users who usually assume superiority riles in the
virtual setting. As the indigenous groups navigate in Facebook groups and other Social
Networking Sites, they experience cyber racism when they unexpectedly get flushed out of
virtually created social groups in the networking sites. The authors have organized their results
into themes, and they attribute the indigenous strong cultural identity to family connections
across social media platforms. The article invites scholars to address the different ways that
could assist to mitigate social media while maximizing its positive impacts amongst the
indigenous groups.
Zerkina, N. N., Chusovitina, G. N., Kolobova, O. L., Nazarova, O. B., & Chernova, E. V.
(2016). Elaboration of Approaches to Internet Negative Impact Resistance for University
Students. ​World Journal on Educational Technology​, ​8​(3). doi:10.18844/wjet.v8i3.744
This article is a two-faced sided coin whose approach is similar to the first article presented in
this bibliography. Both positive and negative impacts of social media are presented. However,
the scholars are more concerned with the lack of attention to the current problems claimed to be
elicited by the excessive use of social media. The article points that there is a gap regarding the
methods and approaches used to seek problems as well as establishing corrective measures of
those above destructive social media usage on young students. The study focuses its data
collection attempts on a specific age group since previous literature on the topic assets that the
youth are more active in social media than any other age group.
For this reason, the researcher proposes a set of resistance forming and preventive internet
recommendations which when elaborated to the higher institutions can be used in the process of
teaching to mitigate social media abuse by the young people. The process of elaboration is
claimed to enrich pedagogical theory and invoke the new level of research problems and
information security of students’ online activity. This article is imperative in the process of
incorporating comprehensive counter approaches to the ever increased social media activity by
higher education students which is associated with poor grades, poor concentration in class and
poor listening skills. The methods provided herein can be extended to the larger population in the
attempts to mitigate social media abuse.
Annotated Bibliography
Cain, J. (2018). It is Time to Confront Student Mental Health Issues Associated with
Smartphones and Social Media. ​American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education​, ajpe6862.
doi:10.5688/ajpe6862
The article presents the literature behind smartphone blue light which is hypothesized to cause
sleep and anxiety disturbances. In a large study comprising of 4156 young adults, the journal
mentions that frequent and persistent smartphone use was associated with higher stress and sleep
disturbance. The research went forth to examine why smartphone usage in line with social media
was regarded to contribute significantly to sleep and psychological disorders amongst the young
people. It is argued that smartphone prices are falling over every two years as once theorized by
Moore. As computing devices increase in power and diminish in size, they become more
functional and thus attract the young age which is constantly seeking entertainment.
Persistent use of smartphones during the night leads to deprived sleep patterns which have
detrimental effects on the development of these age group. In a sample of 274 smartphone and
tablet users, it was found out that consistent use of smartphones and tablets was associated with
depression and higher levels of stress. This is due to the fact that, as people engage in virtual
activities, their bodies don’t tire easily yet their brain is overworked as they focus on
light-emitting screens throughout the day and even nights. Albeit there are screen filters in the
contemporary days, the study concludes that the consequences are still persistent and cannot be
mitigated by filtering what is claimed as ‘blue light’ emitted by the devices. On the same note,
social media addicts are claimed to exhibit withdrawal signs socially in the real social setting
while they fake their superior social skills on Social Networking Sites. This article presents rich
literature regarding some negative factors associated with smartphone usage as well as excessive
social media usage in the arena of personal and social consequences.
Dalkilic, A. (2013). Psychopharmacological treatments in eating disorders & comorbid
conditions. ​Klinik Psikofarmakoloji Bulteni​, ​23​. Retrieved from
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=113841876&site=ehost-live
The article examines the contribution of social media in the wake of increasing Eating Disorders
around the globe as minority populations in the industrialized countries endorse western culture.
The author is concerned with increasing pressure for fashion and physical appearance of
minority populations in different countries which often leads to the excessive use of social media
in what the researcher finds as an addiction. The researcher notes that Eating Disorders are
greatly contributed by the internet and screen-based addictions which include video gaming,
online gambling, and compulsive buying. Notably, Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram are
amongst the new social media tools which have been observed and predicted to cause more
Eating Disorders due to the poor health habits associated with online addiction. The article is an
adequate source of literature regarding personal negative impacts of social media in the arena of
nutrition. The findings of the researcher as well as the suggested pharmacological treatment
methods can be used to mitigate Eating Disorders caused by unhealthy habits.
Kircaburun, K. (2016). Self-Esteem, Daily Internet Use, and Social Media Addiction as
Predictors of Depression among Turkish Adolescents. ​Journal of Education and Practice, 7(24),
64–72. Retrieved from,​ ​7(​ 24), 64-72. Retrieved from
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ1112856&site=ehost-live
The study carried out in the above journal featured 1130 students between the age of twelve
years and 18 years. The journal mentions that approximately more than 350 million people
across the world are affected by depression and this has raised concerns as the World Health
Organization reports that 75% of adults have experienced or are experienced depression in their
lives. While depression might not be listed amongst the most dangerous disorders, it has a higher
prevalence thus making it a serious psychological disorder which is very common, and it affects
people on a daily basis. Three scales were used to conduct a descriptive study in the southern
regions of Aegean in Turkey. Among the scales, the Social Media Addiction scale which was
used alongside two other scales to determine the daily internet use of the subjects under study.
The researcher was highly convinced that daily internet use had a significant role in the
increasing depression cases throughout the globe and this was confirmed when the analysis of
the scale data was complete. It was found out that both self-esteem and social media addiction
accounted for more than 20% of the daily internet usage. The journal contains sufficient
literature regarding social media addiction correlation with self-esteem and depression. The
author observes that social media has was affecting depression among teens indirectly, but the
consequences were significantly alarming due to the observed intensive depression feelings
exhibited by depression victims.
Lin, J., Lee, Y., Jin, Y., & Gilbreath, B. (2017). Personality Traits, Motivations, and
Emotional Consequences of Social Media Usage. ​Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social
Networking​, ​20​(10), 615-623. doi:10.1089/cyber.2017.0043
The study presented in this article is based on social media reports from the United States of
America. The authors seek to establish the main motivations behind social media usage in the
country as well as explore why individuals visit social media sites. The journal presents previous
literature from other scholars regarding the usage and impacts of social media on their emotions.
The article mentions concerns regarding the underrepresentation of consequences regarding
social media usage in the extant research. However, the article acknowledges a few scholars who
have explored the consequences associated with the usage of Social Networking Sites (SNSs). So
far the limited literature on the above-stated concern shows that most users of Social Networking
Sites experience negative emotions after spending too much time on them.
The study carried out by the researchers in the above article thus narrows down to consider the
implications of Social Networking Sites usage in the United States. Two of the most used social
media platform were examined, and the respondents of the study confirmed the speculations of
the researchers. It was found out that spending too much time on Facebook and Pinterest led to
low self-esteem due to social comparison activities. These activities are destructive to an
individual’s self-satisfaction and negatively impact user’s status in both social and political
setting.
Mainiero, L. A., & Jones, K. J. (2013). Sexual Harassment Versus Workplace Romance:
Social Media Spillover and Textual Harassment in the Workplace. ​Academy of Management
Perspectives,​ ​27(​ 3), 187-203. doi:10.5465/amp.2012.0031
While social media is being used in a professional setting, its usage has been abused, and it is
clear that policy formulation has taken shape in this area due to reported cases of sexual
harassment in the workplace. The authors note that in the contemporary setting, advertising
companies have taken full advantage of media platforms to market products and services to large
numbers of online users. However, the authors note that differentiating between work and
personal social media use is a major concern as employees utilize the mediums to send
inappropriate text messages to colleagues. In this study, the authors provide comprehensive
literature regarding social media ethics and limitations in the workplace while noting the
motivations behind unpleasant social media usage in the workplace.
Notably, and in the past, employees in the same workplace were more cautious to express their
intimate feelings to others. The process of asking a lady for a date was not as quick as compared
in the extant times where the discretion of such events is facilitated by a virtual setting over the
social media platforms. The scholars present logically organized arguments to indicate that social
media is a virtual environment and thus employees can assume that they are under total
discretion and engage in seduction and sexual harassment activities that would have been
otherwise avoided in the past. The article provides adequate literature in the quest to explore how
social media can negatively impact an individual’s personal and professional duties within the
workplace.
Rice, E. S., Haynes, E., Royce, P., & Thompson, S. C. (2016). Social media and digital
technology use among Indigenous young people in Australia: a literature review. ​International
Journal for Equity in Health​, ​15​(1). doi:10.1186/s12939-016-0366-0
This article explores both positive and negative impacts of the potential to use social media
among indigenous young people who face a social disadvantage in Australia. The authors of the
journal present factual statistics regarding the indigenous Australian groups which are socially
and economically disadvantaged. Notably, there is a positive vibe among indigenous young
people who use social media to get in touch with the rest of the world taking into consideration
that they have spent a significant portion of their lives in the remote regions occupied by the
indigenous tribes. While the journal notes on the positive impacts that social media brings in
these communities, the authors are keen to examine how the technology impacts the young
people negatively.
In some notable cases, these young people face social discrimination from other cyber
bullies within the country. Naivety is mentioned to be easily noticed in the social media by the
‘so advanced’ self-proclaimed social media users who usually assume superiority riles in the
virtual setting. As the indigenous groups navigate in Facebook groups and other Social
Networking Sites, they experience cyber racism when they unexpectedly get flushed out of
virtually created social groups in the networking sites. The authors have organized their results
into themes, and they attribute the indigenous strong cultural identity to family connections
across social media platforms. The article invites scholars to address the different ways that
could assist to mitigate social media while maximizing its positive impacts amongst the
indigenous groups.
Zerkina, N. N., Chusovitina, G. N., Kolobova, O. L., Nazarova, O. B., & Chernova, E. V.
(2016). Elaboration of Approaches to Internet Negative Impact Resistance for University
Students. ​World Journal on Educational Technology​, ​8​(3). doi:10.18844/wjet.v8i3.744
This article is a two-faced sided coin whose approach is similar to the first article presented in
this bibliography. Both positive and negative impacts of social media are presented. However,
the scholars are more concerned with the lack of attention to the current problems claimed to be
elicited by the excessive use of social media. The article points that there is a gap regarding the
methods and approaches used to seek problems as well as establishing corrective measures of
those above destructive social media usage on young students. The study focuses its data
collection attempts on a specific age group since previous literature on the topic assets that the
youth are more active in social media than any other age group.
For this reason, the researcher proposes a set of resistance forming and preventive internet
recommendations which when elaborated to the higher institutions can be used in the process of
teaching to mitigate social media abuse by the young people. The process of elaboration is
claimed to enrich pedagogical theory and invoke the new level of research problems and
information security of students’ online activity. This article is imperative in the process of
incorporating comprehensive counter approaches to the ever increased social media activity by
higher education students which is associated with poor grades, poor concentration in class and
poor listening skills. The methods provided herein can be extended to the larger population in the
attempts to mitigate social media abuse.
Large Topic: Marketing
Narrow it Down: Wholesaler/Distributor, Direct/Internet, Direct/Catalog, Direct/Sales Team,
Value-Added Reseller (VAR), Consultant, Dealer, Retail.
Focus: Direct/Internet
Narrow Down: Marketing through the internet
Debatable Question: Is marketing through Internet/direct a better option compared to other
methods?
It’s debatable since one side of the divide thinks that the internet marketing way has enabled
companies to reach to a wide scope of consumers while there are others who think other methods
are more effective.
My Position: Internet especially the social media platforms have enabled business to reach to a
large number of consumers.
Thesis: Its true that the antique or rather the older marketing methods have been quite effective
to business until today, however direct/internet marketing has revolutionized the way things are
done.
List Of How It Benefits By Political Or Personal Self
1. It’s easy to send the marketing message on a particular group of people depending on their
preferences and this makes it more successful.
2. The method is more cost effective compared to mass media advertising
3. There is always a professional touch with the audience.
4. It’s easier to plan for future campaigns since the method is measurable
5. It’s more informative in terms of prices, product specifications and services.
What Opposition Will Say
1. The method is annoying and also intrusive as people may dislike things like marketing mails.
2. There is a low response rate as people may just ignore the message.
3. Legal issues may arise due to the privacy and data protection in direct marketing.
4. Competition is huge in this category as its hard to make your message stand out.
Works Cited
“Benefits Of Direct Marketing | Business Queensland”. Business.Qld.Gov.Au, 2017,
https://www.business.qld.gov.au/running-business/marketing-sales/marketing-promotion/direct-
marketing/using/benefits.

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