The repeated reproduction technique used in memory studies involves the same participants remembering some informati

The repeated reproduction technique used in memory studies involves
the same participants remembering some information at longer and longer intervals after learning the information.
different groups of participants remembering some information across different periods of time after learning the information.
the same participants remembering some information for as many trials as it takes to recall all of the information correctly.
the same participants recalling some information many times but, each time, receiving different retrieval cues to assist their recall.

5 points

QUESTION 2
The “wedding reception” false memory experiment shows that false memories can be explained as a product of familiarity and
retroactive interference.
consequentiality.
source misattribution.
confabulation.

5 points

QUESTION 3
Bartlett’s experiment in which English participants were asked to recall the “War of the Ghosts” story that was taken from the French Indian culture illustrated the
misinformation effect.
familiarity effect.
constructive nature of memory.
reminiscence bump.

5 points

QUESTION 4
Jeannie loves to dance, having taken ballet for many years. She is now learning salsa dancing. Although the movements are very different from the dances she is familiar with, she has found a successful memory strategy of linking the new dance information to her previous experiences as a dancer and to her own affection for dance. This strategy suggests reliance on
the self-reference effect.
a mass practice effect.
the integrative experience effect.
semantic memory.

5 points

QUESTION 5
“S,” who had a photographic memory that was described as virtually limitless, was able to achieve many feats of memory. According to the discussion in your text, S’s memory system operated
in a manner that bypassed normal neurological “blocks.”
less efficiently than normal.
using more visual encoding than normal.
using stronger semantic connections than normal.

5 points

QUESTION 6
Which example below best demonstrates state-dependent learning?
Last night, at the grocery store, DeShaun ran into a psychology professor he took a class with three semesters ago. He recognized her right away.
Even though Walt hasn’t been to the beach cottage his parents owned since he was a child, he still has many fond memories of time spent there as a family.
Although Emily doesn’t very often think about her first love, Steve, she can’t help getting caught up in happy memories when “their song” (the first song they danced to) plays on the radio.
Carmen always suffers test anxiety in her classes. To combat this, she tries to relax when she studies. She thinks it’s best to study while lying in bed, reading by candlelight with soft music playing.

5 points

QUESTION 7
___________ memories are to experiences as ___________ memories are to facts.
Semantic; implicit
Implicit; episodic
Episodic; semantic
Procedural; episodic

5 points

QUESTION 8
Lucille is teaching Kendra how to play racquetball. She explains how to hold the racquet, how to stand, and how to make effective shots. These learned skills that Lucille has acquired are an example of ___________ memory.
working
semantic
procedural
autobiographical

5 points

QUESTION 9
Within the realm of conversational speech, knowledge refers to the
meaning of a conversation.
rules for combining spoken words into sentences.
tendency to see relationships between spoken concepts even when those relationships do not exist.
previously understood information that we bring into the conversation.

5 points

QUESTION 10
The concept of language can best be thought of as a ________.
process
dialogue
cognition
system

5 points

QUESTION 11
Lexical ambiguity studies show that people access ambiguous words based on
the identification of a single meaning for that word.
the meaning dominance of each definition of the word.
the word that comes immediately before and the word that comes immediately after the ambiguous word in the sentence.
a bottom-up progression of meaning comprehension.

5 points

QUESTION 12
Which of the following is key to the illusory truth effect?
Culture
Source
Repetition
Stress

5 points

QUESTION 13
Retrograde amnesia is usually less severe for ______ memories.
remote
recent
anterograde
emotional

5 points

QUESTION 14
Boxing champion George Foreman recently described his family vacations with the statement, “At our ranch in Marshall, Texas, there are lots of ponds and I take the kids out and we fish. And then of course, we grill them.” That a reader understands “them” appropriately (George grills fish, not his kids!) is the result of a(n) ____________________ inference.
narrative
instrument
analogic
anaphoric

5 points

QUESTION 15
Which of the following is NOT a conclusion from the case of H.M., who had an operation to help alleviate his epileptic seizures?
The hippocampus is necessary for forming new long-term memories.
Short-term and long-term memories are controlled by different mechanisms.
Short-term and long-term memories can operate independently of each other.
Long-term memories are unaffected by damage to the hippocampus.

5 points

QUESTION 16
According to the cognitive hypothesis, experiences that occur during periods of rapid personal development followed by periods of stability tend to be easier to remember due to which of the following?
Narrative rehearsing
Cultural scripts
Strong encoding
Youth bias

5 points

QUESTION 17
When the methods used to encode and retrieve information are the same, this is called ________ processing.
state-dependent
stimulus-fluency
transfer-appropriate
recall-potentiation

5 points

QUESTION 18
When two people engage in a conversation, if one person produces a specific grammatical construction in his or her speech and then the other person does the same, this phenomenon is referred to as
anaphoric inferencing.
phonemic restoration.
garden pathing.
syntactic priming.

5 points

QUESTION 19
Schrauf and Rubin’s “two groups of immigrants” study found that the reminiscence bump coincided with periods of rapid change, occurring at a normal age for people emigrating early in life but shifting to 15 years later for those who emigrated later. These results support the
cognitive hypothesis.
self-image hypothesis.
narrative rehearsal hypothesis.
autobiographical hypothesis.

5 points

QUESTION 20
The concept of encoding specificity is grounded in which of the following?
Task
Structure
Mood
Location