From a historical perspective, what were the critical turning points in the struggle of gay men and women to mak

From a historical perspective, what were the critical turning points in the struggle of gay men and women to make progress within the U.S. Military?Work with your partner to create a timeline with at least three events per partner. Your of each event should include a text explanation and embedded pictures. It may also include links to additional information and/or embedded videos.I have attached my partners paper so we must create at least 3 more and include it into this paper. and references.


[6.1] Timeline Assignment
From a historical perspective, what were the critical turning points in the struggle of gay men and
women to make progress within the U.S. Military?
Critical turning points of gay men and women in the U.S. military date back to the time of
General Washington, who had to implement a then archaic system of punishments and set of standards
for what cause problems with overall mission success. Fast forward to WW2, there is the first example
of homosexuality being outright banned (Barbato, 2012).
Prior to this period, specifically after WW1 several other countries veterans aimed for equal
rights in the homosexual community, such as Russia, Britain, and Germany, however that was taken
aback due to the terrors of the Nazi regime several years after, and the stigma remained. With that the
need of the US military to kick out those thought to be or actually gay via Blue Discharges, or unfair
assessments related to unstable mental health conditions. Where selected soldiers would be dumped at
ports for being different ie gay, which is directly attributable to San Francisco and other communities
like The village in NYC, having such as high ratio of LBGT rights and movements advocates (Barbato,
2012).
https://drexel.edu/now/archive/2014/October/LGBT-History-Discovery-WWII-Veteran-Allen-Bernstein/
The earliest successful case of a servicemember publicly receiving positive press for fighting
back against the system was Leonard Matlovich. Who in 1980 won his case after a 5-year legal battle to
be reinstated after being discharged for being gay. The Airforce and Army both had conducted studies in
decades prior that reached the same conclusion. Allowing gays and lesbians into the military openly
caused no problem for readiness , morale, or unit cohesion despite notions of homophobic
predecessors. The refusal and unwillingness to admit their fears or prejudice, led to thousands of well
trained, able bodied, and financially invested soldier sto be discharged without delay. Statistics and
reviews would be swept under the rug repeatedly, until an official study by the RAND organization was
conducted and made public in 1993. That same year the Don’t ask don’t tell policy went into effect via
President Clinton’s administration.
http://time.com/4019076/40-years-leonard-matlovich/
Sexual Orientation and U.S. Military Personnel Policy: An Update of RAND’s 1993 Study (Rand
Corporation Monograph)
Work with your partner to create a timeline with at least three events per partner.
Your description of each event should include a text explanation and embedded pictures. It may also
include links to additional information and/or embedded videos.
References:
Barbato & Bailey (2012). The Strange History of Don’t ask Don’t Tell. [Video File] https://adler.
instructure.com/courses/7598/pages/barbato-and-bailey-2012?module_item_id=179236
Clapper (2014). No Going Back. [PDF]
https://adler.instructure.com/courses/7598/files/306265?module_item_id=179238
Nathaniel Frank PhD (2013) The President’s Pleasant Surprise: How LGBT Advocates Ended Don’t Ask,
Don’t Tell, Journal of Homosexuality, 60:2-3, 159-213, DOI:10.1080/00918369.2013.744666

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